”Any child who is self-sufficient, who can tie his shoes, dress or undress himself, reflects in his joy and sense of achievement the image of human dignity, which is derived from a sense of independence.”
– Dr. Maria Montessori
Each primary classroom at Pinnacle Montessori is composed of a balanced, multi-age grouping of 3 to 6-year-old children. This environment blends practical life and sensorial activities with social and academic skills. Children learn the satisfaction of performing activities from daily life known as Practical Life. These activities are essential to the development of order, coordination, concentration and independence, skills that last a lifetime.
The teachers present the manipulative materials to the children. These materials engage the children in the study of one to one correspondence, numerals, the decimal system, and basic mathematical operations. They also experience phonics, spelling, writing, language and reading skills. Geography lessons include puzzle maps, landforms, and the study of different countries. Botany, Zoology, Science, Art, Spanish, Computer and Music are integrated into the curriculum as well
Below is an example of a typical day in our Primary program!
The children at this age are ready to dive into a more detailed curriculum. A child’s mind is developing at enormous rate until around the age of ten. Maria Montessori called this the sensitive period or absorbent mind. Children are encouraged to work at their own rate and children are encouraged to work on a task as many times or as long as they need.
Our teachers are not the center of the room as in a daycare classroom. They are observers first. They observe the task each child is doing and gives lessons to encourage more enriched curriculum after mastery of a previous lesson. The room is set up from left to right starting with the Practical life. This is important due to our society is set as a left to right society. For instance, we read and write from the left to the right. In the Practical life section, children are not only learning life skills, but are also working on fine motors skills, getting ready for the more advanced writing. In addition to these, lessons are very appealing to the child which helps in developing longer focus periods.
The second section is the Sensorial section. Children learn by using their senses and this section is for heightening those senses. It is also the beginning of future geometric tasks. The materials are very visibly pleasing for the visual learner, as well as pleasing to the touch for the tactile learner. This section helps the child be aware of their full environment which in turn opens their minds up to more advanced thinking
Once children show the art of focusing, then they advance into the Language, Math, and Cultural sections. Even when they continue into these sections, they will still work on the Practical Life and Sensorial works. This is important for the children’s full enriched development. For instance, children may have an academic ability for more advanced work, but still not quite developed fully with their fine motor skills of writing or cutting. Having these sections constantly interchanging allows children to develop at the rate appropriate for them. In the Language section, children work with phonetic sounds and handwriting skills getting ready for future reading and writing. This is done with very visual pleasing concrete materials.
In addition, as they explore into reading, children learn the beginning, basic parts of speech through stories and concrete materials.
Math is taught from a global view such as what is a number and place value using concrete materials, to a more specific view in the abstract such as facts.
In the Cultural section, children learn Zoology: the basic animal groups and parts, Botany: parts of plants as well as environment appreciation, and Geography: learning all the continents and their parts as well as specific landforms. In addition, there is a Peace curriculum that promotes understanding and respect for themselves and others and Art appreciation. Majority of the educational experience for this level is in the concrete form, meaning use of materials to understand the concept.